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Signs, Signs, Signs


· Ballance's Sign - Dullness to percussion in LUQ due to coagulated blood (Splenic rupture)

· Battle Sign - Bruising behind the ears from bleeding in the mastoid sinus (Basilar skull Fracture)

· Beck’s Triad - Muffled heart tones, Hypotension, JVD (Pericardial Tamponade)

· Blumberg's Sign - Rebound tenderness Peritonitis (Appendicitis)

· Brudzinski's Sign - Involuntary flexion of the knees when neck flexed (Meningitis, SAH)

· Chvostek's Sign - Facial twitching when nerve is tapped Hypocalcemia (Pancreatitis)

· Coppernail's Sign - Ecchymosis of the scrotum, labia, perineum (Pelvic Fracture)

· Cullen's Sign - Umbilical Ecchymosis (abdominal organ bleeding)

· Cushing's Triad - Profound Bradycardia, Abnormal Respirations, Widened Pulse Pressure (Increased ICP)

· de Musset's Sign - Rhythmic head bobbing synchronized with heartbeat (Aortic Insufficiency)

· Ewart's Sign - Dullness to percussion, egophony, bronchial breath sounds (Pericardial Effusion)

· Frank's Sign - A diagonal ear crease (CAD)

· Grey-Turner's Sign - Retroperitoneal hematoma (Renal injury)

· Halo Test - Blood from the nose or ear will make a yellow ring or halo around the red blood CSF Leakage (Basilar skull fracture))

· Hamman's Crunch - Crunching sound, synchronous with the heartbeat (Tracheobronchial injury)

· Kehr's Sign - LUQ pain referred to the left shoulder (Spleen injury, Ectopic pregnancy)

· Kernig's Sign - When supine with hip flexed at 90-degree angle, the patient is unable to straighten their leg (Meningitis)

· Kussmaul’s Sign - Elevation of neck veins with inspiration during spontaneous respirations (Cardiac Tamponade)

· Levine’s Sign - Clenched fist over the sternum (AMI)

· Markle Sign - Dropping onto the heel causes RLQ pain (Appendicitis)

· Murphy's Sign - Inability to take deep breaths during palpation of the right costal arch below the hepatic margin (Cholecystitis)

· Obturator Sign - Pain upon flexion and internal rotation of the hip (Appendicitis)

· Psoas Sign - Pain with flexing thigh at the hip (Appendicitis)

· Raccoon's Eyes - Periorbital ecchymosis secondary to intra-orbital bleeding (Basilar skull Fracture)

· Rovsing's Sign - Pressure applied to the LLQ intensifies RLQ pain (Appendicitis)

· Steeple Sign - Subglottic narrowing seen on AP chest x-ray (Croup)

· Thumbprint Sign - Enlarged epiglottis seen on lateral neck x-ray (Epiglottitis)

· Trousseau's Sign - Inflated BP cuff leads to carpopedal spasm (Hypocalcemia)

· Virchow’s Triad - Stasis, Vein damage, Hypercoagulation (Risk of DVT)

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